Category Archives: Art
Impressionism originated in France, where people always loved the landscapes and the land. The way the French appreciate nature is very different from how Italians do it. Italians show their artistic love in a more direct way, in a way that is somewhat similar to an anatomical drawing. The French look at their land as if it has a soul and they try to understand, connect and relate to this soul. Understanding this approach is the key to understanding impressionism.
The movement of impressionism, just like most other movements in the art world, did not start overnight. There have been many forces, including artists, ideas, and activities that led to its birth.
Two painters that preceded impressionism and were extremely passionate about working on their art outdoors were Gustave Courbet and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot. They talked about their thoughts and love of nature to their friends, including Edouard Manet, Camille Pissarro, and Claude Monet.
Around 1860 many other French artists started deciding that they would like to start working outdoors. Many of them went to French country and started producing paintings of landscapes and nature. Because of the rebellious nature of the French 1870s Commune movement, many artists felt liberated to move away from traditions that dominated French art in the past.
In the late nineteenth century, more and more artists were developing an interest in color theory. Impressionist painters started to inject some of the elements of the theory into their work. This was also when the sciences of psychology and psychiatry were born and the discoveries about how humans thought, felt and interacted with others also played a role in how impressionists were approaching their work.
In 1863 some of the artists have been rejected by the French Academy that regulated art and created their own show, calling it the “show of the Refused,” which was full of impressionist paintings.
Just like its name suggests, post-impressionism came after impressionism. The term was first introduced by the English art critic Roger Fry.
Unlike many other art trends, Post-impressionism was not a movement. The term is a collective name for works of artists who used the effects of the outdoor palette and light to create more formal pieces of art. Eventually, their work gave birth to modern abstractionism
Since post-impressionism was not a movement, one of the best ways to talk about it is to talk about most prominent artists who worked in this style.
Seurat took the impressionist method of using broken colors to a new extreme. He painted thousands and thousands of dots and thin lines of contrasting colors next to each other. He did it not only on canvas but also on canvas frames, suggesting that this would create an optical mixture. His compositions were often rooted in the works of scholars who thought that movements of lines and their relation to one another could influence the emotions of the people looking at them. This being said, it’s often hard to find a connection between Seurat’s theories about how colors and movements work and some of his best art pieces. You can Click here to see some of them. Seurat was a gifted artist who created a series of pieces as abstract as the works that Picasso would later create.
Vincent Van Gogh
Van Gogh had a wild personality. He also had terrible mood swings and deep depressions. Late in his life, he committed himself to a mental asylum, but it’s still questionable whether he had a mental condition or not.
Contrary to a popular myth, Van Gogh did sell a number of his paintings during his life. He also possessed a collection of paintings. He has a number of students and he didn’t commit suicide. He fell against a gun that went off. He later was treated by a doctor, but the doctor made a number of fatal mistakes.
The Modern style was not born in one day when Pablo Picasso started creating his works. It was a gradual process influenced by many trends and events. Some of these trends are obvious, such as the collections of works by Paul Cezanne who started painting nature in a fragmented way and making references to geometric forms such as cylinders, cones, and spheres. Other influences were much less obvious and included the works by Diego Velazques, Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, and El Greco. However, Picasso claimed that these artists had a profound impact on him and made him simplify the forms to an extreme degree.
Pablo Picasso is the most well-known modernist. His eye is where cubism and modern art came from. Picasso was born in Spain. His father recognized his talent for art and taught him a lot. There is a small museum of Picasso in Barcelona that features the early works of the artist, including very realistic depictions of ancient sculptures.
For his entire life, Picasso was a rebel. As a teenager, he started coming to gatherings of intellectuals in Barcelona cafes. He then went to Paris, the art capital of the time, and saw the works of Manet and Toulouse-Lautrec that made a lasting impression on him.
Before he started creating paintings in the style of cubism, Picasso drew in a number of other styles, including realism and caricature. He also had a Blue Period and a Rose Period.
Blue Period lasted from 1901 to 1904. During this time the artist used predominantly blue palette and focused his attention on the outcasts of the society such as beggars and prostitutes. During this period he also created his first sculptures.
The Rose Period started in 1904. The palette became brighter and pinks and beiges started dominating the works of Picasso. He started drawing circus people and clowns.
Prehistoric art appeared long before the written word. It began in caves as far back as thirty thousand years ago. To use modern language, the first artistic styles were naturalism and geometric abstractionism.
Prehistoric art includes paintings on the wall of caves, sculptures carved in bone and stone, jewelry and more.
No one really knows the goals and thoughts behind prehistoric art pieces. Some of the scholars argue that carvings on the walls of the caves were hunting aids. However, the creatures in these carvings were not typical animals even back then.
The first discovery of paintings in an ancient cave was made in the Spanish town of Altamira in 1879 when an amateur paleontologist was looking for ancient tools. At first, people could not believe that the paintings were authentic because their quality was extremely high. The ceiling of the cave has paintings of various animals, including horses, deer, and bison.
Some of the animals are over six feet long and it looks like the artists paid a lot of attention to how the animals looked in real life. What makes the paintings so special is not only their size but also the energy of the animals and the three-dimensional way in which the paintings were created.
Paintings in Lascaux caves in France were discovered in 1940 when four local boys lost their dog because it fell into the caves. The caves consist of more than 110 rooms and the boys worked as tour guides when they grew up. There are over 2,000 animals figures painted on the walls of the caves. The animals are mostly bisons, horses, and bulls.
One of the recent discoveries was made in France in 1994. Amateur researchers found what is believed to be the world’s oldest cave with paintings that date as far as 30,000 years ago. There is a series of galleries and rooms with over 300 pictures.
The definition of art has been changing and shifting every day since the first piece of art was created tens of thousands of years ago. Even today the definition of art evolves often as more and more art innovators create new art pieces.
There is an infinite number of definitions for the term “art” because art can be almost anything. What is considered appropriate art and inappropriate art, good art and bad art has also been changing over the years, just like the needs for seo.hosting have been changing with new search engine updates.
What is really important about all these changes is the fact that something that wasn’t acceptable once suddenly becomes popular and artsy. One of the broadest definitions is that art takes any kind of material and has it deliver a statement of some kind.
This definition includes fine art, modern art and even popular arts and crafts. It also covers folk and high art.
Great works of art are usually above contemporary tastes, fashion or whatever is trendy at the moment.
Even though almost anything can be turned into art, there are levels of quality and substance to it. A green frog painted on a pavement can be a work of art just like a figure of a sad clown can be art.
The only permanent feature of art is that it always changes and evolves. Some of the most significant changes have been introduced by individual artists. Leonardo Da Vinci, Claud Monet, and Pablo Picasso are some of such artists.
Sometimes art is influenced by a new media coming into people’s lives and the new techniques that are often developed for practical reasons. Mosaics, illuminations and oil paint are examples of such inventions.
Almost every change, invention and new introduction does not get a warm welcome but instead is treated with suspicion and skepticism. So far it looks like this fact will stay true for a long time and apply for many kinds of art that will appear in the close and distant future.
A museum curator is a person whose duties include assembling, managing and presenting collections and pieces of art.
During over 100 years of history of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the museum had hundreds of curators will all kinds of advanced degrees and profound knowledge about many fields of arts, including ancient Egypt, Prints, and Armor. However, the most accomplished and famous curator of the museum had no art degree. His expertise in art was self-taught. For a large part of his life, he worked as a stock broker. His name was William Ivins.
This example proves that to become a connoisseur of art you do not need a decade of formal education in it. Ivins became an expert because he was passionate about art, he had a talent for art and he knew that he’d never be able to appreciate art if he didn’t immerse himself in it.
This is why he was studying and cataloging tens of thousands of prints of all types. Ivins became an expert by choosing to become an expert, by opening his eyes and looking at art enough so that he was able to spot all subtle gradations.
You can do the same by examining works of masters. If you study prints of Rembrandt van Rijn or drawings of Peter Paul Rubens, you’ll be able to tell very easily which ones are real and which could be fake. Sure, there are hundreds of paintings of Rubens and thousands of prints of Rijn, but it is possible to saturate one in them. If you study all the works of Monet, be it in Paris, Los Angeles, or get an access to a private collection, you’ll become an expert on the subject.
You don’t have to travel great distances to become an expert. You can start with a local museum. The principle is the same: immersion, saturation, and practice.
Before you start going to museums, create your dream list of paintings, sculptures and other art pieces that you would like to see.
Visiting original works in person is important, but you can get started training your eye and your taste even with photographs and images just like you can get started with hosting reviews by going to webhosting-reviews.co.uk and reading more about hosting companies and their offers. Some art dealers spend hours browsing through images of all kinds of works on a daily basis. It does keep the eye in tune.
Immersion and saturation mean not only looking at art pieces but also reading literature about art and your favorite artists and browsing art magazines. All of these are accessible to anyone that wants to learn more about art.
One of the ways to quickly learn about a museum is to go to its gift shop and look at postcards. Almost every museum, even the tiniest one, typically has a gift store with postcards. Quickly glancing at them will give you a great feel for the holdings of the museum. You will be able to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the place without ever going in there.
Postcards are probably the cheapest reproductions of art that you can buy. You can also take pictures of them or download them from the Internet and keep them in your phone. When you have them with you, you can show them to the guards and ask directions to the painting.
If you ever get lost in a museum, get out one of the snapshots and ask for more directions.
If you have friends who are also passionate about arts, you can go to a museum together, but browse the galleries alone. Each of you should create a list of the favorite pieces. You can then swap the lists and compare the notes to see who likes what.
Another way to learn more about art is to deliberately see collections that you think you won’t like. More often than not, you’ll find something that will surprise you and be enjoyable.
Even a few decades ago many scholars believed that the primitive artists of the early Christian ages had no prior traditions when depicting the miracles of Christ or the scenes from the New Testament. The figures known to scholars were mostly blocky, frontal and not proportionate. Their gestures looked very weird.
Today all of these generalizations have been discarded by art historians and critics and Christian art from the period between the second and the fourth centuries shows an astounding variety of forms, approaches and subject matters.
Christian artists were extremely talented and could depict whatever they chose. The abstract look that they were going with was very deliberate. The idea behind it was to focus on God and get away from earthy feelings, emotions, and sensations. This approach introduces one of the most profound changes in the entire history of art. The dramatic difference between the new style and the old style was calculated and intentional.
The new Christian spirituality believed in the expression through the use of flat, incorporeal style that wanted to portray the spirit and not the flesh. A quick look at the statues surrounding the arch of Constantine proves that. The first Christian emperor looks like a flattened cookie cutout.
In the times of Constantine, there was also a profound change in the artistic material. In the Greek and Roman times, sculpture was very popular. In the Christian times, it began to quickly fade away because it was considered to have too much flesh in it. In the Roman times, mosaics were primarily used to decorate the floors. In the Christian times, artists started to use them as a new form of wall paintings. There were two reasons for it. First, the mosaic can be much more colorful than a simple painting. Second, the colors were very appropriate to depicting Christ as the light of the world.